Activated charcoal is charcoal that has been heated and used to detoxify or absorb toxins in the body.
an allergy is a damaging immune response by the body to a substance to which it's become hypersensitive. allergies are most common when a dog is fed inferior food
they are the building blocks of proteins. They play an important role in energy, building muscle tissue, weight loss, and metabolism.
Amylase is an enzyme that is found in pancreatic fluid and saliva. It starts the breakdown of starch.
anchovies are small fish that are full of flavor. Because of their size, they often travel in schools (safety in numbers!) They are often preyed on by other larger fish.
extracted primarily from rendered tissue fats obtained from livestock animals like pigs, chickens and cows
a medicine that inhibits the growth of or destroys microorganisms. antibiotics kill healthy bacteria, so its crucial to feed probiotics when feeding antibiotics.
antioxidants prevent oxidation in cells, so they bind to "free radicals," damaged cells that are from pollution, smoke, metabolism, or waste.
Apoquel is a drug used to treat and control itching and inflammation in dogs. Generally Apoquel is prescribed by a Veterinarian when the Vet believes the dog has allergies and doesn't try to rule out food first. Because of this, some dogs can be on Apoquel their entire lives because the root cause is not being fixed, rather just masked by the Apoquel.
ACV is made the liquid from crushed apples, sugar, and yeast and fermented the mixture. The sugar turns to alcohol and the yeast turns into vinegar. ACV is a holy grail, it helps digestion by increasing the stomach’s acid levels, which results in better absorption, promotes the growth of beneficial bacteria in the digestive tract, is anti-bacterial and anti fungal, has anti-inflammatory properties, and also contains iron, potassium and magnesium as well as other essential vitamins and minerals!
a cell that has a cell wall, but doesn't have a nucleus or organelles. They can cause disease, but other bacteria can also help break down nutrients, and are even used to make cheeses and alcohol
The aorta is an artery that pumps blood to the rest of the body and helps with circulation. They make for an awesome addition into a raw diet or even fed as healthy chews to kibble fed dogs!
Beef backstrap is a tendon that runs along the spinal cord of cattle. When air dried, the backstrap makes for a tough chew that provides mental stimulation and releases endorphins. When in its raw form, it still makes for a great chew but also a great addition into a raw diet!
The liver is an incredibly important organ not only in cattle, but sheep, elk, and many other animals (humans!) as well. The liver helps detoxify the body, helps with digestion, produces proteins, and secretes bile. The liver is by far the most nutrient dense organ you can feed!
beef pizzle is well, er, what makes a bull, a bull!
The spleen is an important part of the immune system. It clears out old blood cells, and stores white blood cells and platelets, which are both important in fighting off infections.
beef tendons are made up of collagen and help attach muscles to bones. They are pliable, but not elastic and great for feeding as the muscle meat in a raw diet or as a fun chew!
the trachea, also known as the windpipe, is a long tube that allows air to pass to the lungs. The trachea is surrounded by cartilage which is great for joint health and skin and coat.
bioavailable means how well a nutrient is absorbed and used by the body.
BARF (Biologically Appropriate Raw Food) is an alternative raw diet designed to provide dogs with a modified homemade diet that consists of raw meat and bones, as well as vegetables and fruit while eliminating all processed foods and grains. A complete BARF diet for dogs consists of 70% muscle meat, 10% raw edible bone, 5% liver, 5% other secreting organ, and 10% vegetables and fruit.
The white bleached tripe is what we see at the grocery store and is meant for human consumption. Because it's been bleached, all of the digestive enzymes, amino acids, and gastric juices that are beneficial for dogs, are washed away making it filler food for dogs.
Bone broth is made by boiling bones for at least 24 hours to create a thick, gelatinous stock that can be enjoyed by dogs and humans. Bone broth is amazing for dogs who have upset tummies, suffer with pain/inflammation, dehydrated, and more!
a processed rice product that is missing nutrients contained in whole ground rice and brown rice. this is a common ingredient found in inferior kibble because it acts as a heavy filler.
parts of an animal that remain after meat is removed that are not fit for human consumption. By-products are commonly found in inferior kibble, EVEN in prescription diets that are prescribed by Veterinarians
carbohydrates are the sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetables and milk products. carbs are commonly found in kibble in order to form the pellet shapes
An animal designed to eat a meat diet.
Chia seeds are the edible seeds of a plant native to Central America. They absorb water and form a gel and are a good whole food source of soluble fiber, omega 3's, and other nutrients
Chicken feet are bony, and surrounded by cartilage and skin. These are awesome to feed as a snack or to include in your pup's daily meals! They not only are super convenient because you can find them at almost every asian market, but they also pack a nutrient punch!
the muscular organ that pumps blood to the rest of the body. The heart is crucial in keeping circulation going, and without it, the animal would not be able to survive.
The liver is an incredibly important organ in poultry as well. The liver helps detoxify the body, helps with digestion, produces proteins, and secretes bile.
The chicken neck is connected to and supports the head. The neck is made up of vertebrae and begins the spinal cord. These make for great beginning edible bones to feed to puppies and smaller dogs who are trying raw for the first time.
a chain made by passing one end of the chain through a loop. It tightens to create pressure on the dog's windpipe, which acts as a correction for unwanted behavior.
Coconut oil is oil that is extracted from coconut meat and used for all different purposes. Coconut oil is considered a healthy fat (for dogs and for humans) and will give your pup energy. It is also one of the most recommended oils to add into the diet for skin and coat health, or if your dog has a wound (not open), coconut oil is commonly applied to help heal!
traditional chinese medicine (TCM) teaches that a person's (or animal's) natural energy requires balance that can be achieved through a variety of factors such as food. each animal protein or plant-based ingredient has an energy that can interact with your pet's natural energy - for pets with hot energies (yang), feeding cooling proteins (yin) help rebalance their energy to promote health and happiness.
Corn is a cereal plant that yields large grains. Whole corn, like you eat on the cob, is considered a vegetable. The corn kernel itself (where popcorn comes from) is considered a grain. Corn lacks in nutritional value for dogs, so it's best to stay away from any dog food that contains corn.
cucurbutin is an amino acid that is found in pumpkin seeds (which are a natural dewormer for dogs). feeding pumpkin seeds is a holistic approach to eliminating worms in the dogs GI tract
detoxing is when the body rids of toxic or unhealthy substances. dogs that have been over vaccinated, treated with chemical flea treatments, suffering with allergies may need to be detoxified.
produced by the body to break down food so that it is easier to digest. they are properties of all living cells that bring about changes in the body and one of the most important forces of energy in every living cell
an animal that has been tamed by humankind. They are often kept as pets, livestock, or used to help people through their every day lives.
Duck feet are very similar to chicken feet, however most duck feet tend to be a bit larger than chicken feet! They are surrounded by cartilage, and unlike chicken feet, are webbed to help ducks get around in water. Duck feet make great snacks, chews and are a great addition into any diet
Duck neck is the part of the body that supports the head. It contains vertebrae and is the start of the spinal cord. Duck necks are usually in between sizes of chicken neck and turkey neck and make for great chews
The wings of the duck are appendages that help them fly and are covered in feathers.
A training collar used on dogs that deliver stimulation that correct unwanted behaviors and help communicate to your dog in a more effective manner what is expected of them. The modern e-collar is similar to the TENS unit used in physical therapy and does not harm a dog.
edible bones are hollow, non weight-bearing bones that are soft, pliable, and don't contain marrow which are commonly fed in the average raw feeders bowl for bone content
Eggs are laid by poultry and are an important source of nutrition for not only many predators, but for the chick living inside it. Inside the egg are all the nutrients necessary to grow a new chicken. Eggs are also one of the most complete sources of amino acids, the building blocks of protein.
The elk is a large type of deer that has large antlers and usually lives in the forest or grassy areas. They are ruminants and have four chambers in their stomachs, similar to cattle. Although elk is similar to deer and venison, it is not actually deer or vension, rather just part of the deer family!
in terms of making kibble: the process of cooking ingredients at extremely high temperatures such as 400 degrees, and pushing the final solid product out through molds to make small, uniform pellets.
Fatty acids are the building blocks of fat. The body breaks down fat that we eat into fatty acids so that the body can absorb them. There are two types of fatty acids, saturated and unsaturated fats.
Fermentation occurs as a result of oxidation causing a release of energy to produce organic acids, gases, and/or alcohol.
Freeze drying is a form of processing used in commercial raw diets that remove all moisture from the food, making it shelf stable, and convenient.
Garlic is a species in the onion genus, Allium. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive, and Chinese onion. Garlic is native to Central Asia and northeastern Iran, and has long been a common seasoning worldwide, with a history of several thousand years of human consumption and use
glucosamine in a dog's body produces glycosaminoglycan, which is used to help form and repair body tissues such as cartilage. dogs can be fed glucosamine to help build strength in the cartilage and joints
family of proteins that are often found in wheat, barley, and rye. In pet food, gluten helps foods maintain their shape, acting as a glue that holds food together.
milk is a liquid produced by female mammals for their young. It is generally very fatty and has a lot of nutrients. Milk is also used to make many other dairy products.
Green Lipped Mussels are a type of shellfish that are often eaten by people before dogs. Green lipped mussels have two adductor muscles (help open the mussel), unlike other mussels. Also unlike other mussels, the “lips” are green, hence the name and packs a nutrient punch!
The smelly lining of the stomach of ruminants (elk, cattle, sheep).
the head collar works like a halter on a horse and fits like one. It goes over the dog's head, and the leash attaches to the bottom clip.
HPP, an alternative to heat processing, is a type of processing that is used mainly in commercial diets to rid raw foods of bacteria.
raw honey is a staple diet of bees and enjoyed by many other mammals as well. raw honey actually has quite a few benefits although does not belong in a dog's diet every day.
traditional chinese medicine (TCM) teaches that a person's (or animal's) natural energy requires balance that can be achieved through a variety of factors such as food. each animal protein or plant-based ingredient has an energy that can interact with your pet's natural energy - for pets with cool energies (yin), feeding hot proteins (yang) help rebalance their energy to promote health and happiness.
A human grade dog food must provide documentation that every ingredient must be edible for humans and the food must meet federal manufacturing and packaging regulations. Most dog foods don't meet these standards and many human grade ingredients may not be automatically safe or healthy for an animal.
reddened, swollen, hot, and painful
inflammation happens when part of the body becomes reddened, swollen, hot and painful. this is common when dogs are fed inferior foods, such as kibble.
Insoluble fiber is indigestible fiber. The body doesn't break it down so the form it goes in is the form it goes out! Known as "roughage", examples of insoluble fiber include whole wheat, potatoes, and the skin, stalks, and seeds of many fruits and vegetables.
an intolerance occurs when a dog has difficulty digesting or processing a particular food. when a dog has a food intolerance, you may notice that they are able to eat small amounts of the food without having an immediate reaction. you may also be able to prevent a reaction
ivermectin is a common systemic insecticide used to treat infections caused by roundworms, threadworms, and other parasites. although ivermectin is frequently found in over the counter pet flea treatments, the side effects are extremely dangerous.
an organ located in the roof of the animal's mouth. The Jacobson's organ can detect pheromones for mating or marking territory.
a dairy product that is fermented with kefir grains (type of yeast and bacteria culture). In present day, it is made by inoculating the animal with kefir grains, however in the past, it was mixed in a animal-skin bag and hung by a doorway, so whenever anyone walked by, they would knock the bag and keep the grains and milk mixed.
Kibble was invented in the late 1940's, early 50's and is made of ground up ingredients such as meat, grains, vegetables and other materials and then shaped into pellets. Before kibble was invented, dogs were eating raw meat, edible bone and organ.
the ears are attached to the head and allow sheep to hear and also helps with balance as well.
Lamb femur is also known as the thighbone, and helps support the sheep’s weight. It is incredibly strong and can take a lot of impact.
the gullet is the box that holds the weasand (esophagus) and trachea together. The gullet makes it possible for you to eat and breathe at the same time, so you don’t accidentally get food into your lungs.
Similar to beef liver, but a more hypoallergenic option, lamb liver helps detoxify the body, secrete bile, helps digestion, and makes proteins.
lungs are a vital organ in all mammals (and some other animals too!). The lungs allow air to pass through and remove carbon dioxide (which can be toxic) from the blood. They are connected to the trachea and are usually located in the chest area.
the trachea is also known as the windpipe, and is a passageway for air through the body into the lungs. It is surrounded by cartilage.
The weasand is also known as the esophagus, the tube that moves the food from the mouth into the stomach.
Larch Arabinogalactin is a natural prebiotic fiber that is found in the Western Larch tree. Arabinogalactin is the scientific name for this type of fiber, or sugar, and is also found in many fruits and vegetables like apples, radishes, and tomatoes
Like a regular collar, but has two loops, the first goes over the dog's head, the second is attached to the leash. This way when the dog pulls, you can correct it by applying pressure.
meat meal is an ingredient in pet food that is made from taking slaughterhouse and fish processing factory remnants that are not edible for humans, and cooking them, processing them under high heat, and dehydrating them into a dry powdery substance that goes into kibble.
an enlarged complex aboveground body of a fungus
exercises that encourage brain activity such as problem solving, memory, and learning.
an electronic chip inserted into the dog's shoulder that can be scanned to identify the animal.
traditional chinese medicine (TCM) teaches that a person's (or animal's) natural energy requires balance that can be achieved through a variety of factors such as food. each animal protein or plant-based ingredient has an energy that can interact with your pet's natural energy. neutral foods will tonify Qi and blood and harmonize Yin and Yang.
a no pull harness is a harness that clips in front and often has a martingale attachment and discourages pulling.
When a dog carries excess fat or excess weight on their body. This can affect their health and cause other issues and possibly lead to death.
a polyunsaturated fatty acid that the body needs to maintain skin health. and joint health. The body cannot produce it on their own.
Organic products must meet federal guidelines set by USDA addressing soil quality, animal raising practices, pest and weed control, use of additives and much more. Prohibited substances include most synthetic fertilizers unless approved separately. Organic meat must be raised in living conditions accommodating natural behaviors like grazing, fed 100% organic feed, and not administered antibiotics and hormones.
palatable means pleasing to eat and appetizing.
the ear is the hearing organ of the animal. It also provides balance and is mostly made of cartilage. Most pet owners will feed pig ears as chews rather than as apart of a meal, but you can feed ear as part of a meal if you would like its totally safe and nutritious
gives the pig mobility. They have a cloven hoof, which helps absorb impact and to protect the foot.
The skin is a layer of tissue that protects the underlying organs, bones, and muscles from outside elements. Unlike many other mammals, pig skin is not covered with as much hair or fur.
Pollock is a whitefish that is included in many cuisines worldwide. They usually live in the northern oceans and are divided into two species: Alaskan pollock or walleye pollock. They are an alternative to cod, salmon, and haddock
The heart pumps blood to the whole body and helps with circulation. It is crucial and without the heart, the animal will die.
The kidneys are a pair of organs that are located near the spine. They help produce red blood cells, filter waste from the blood, maintain blood pressure, and keep electrolytes balanced.
Similar to beef and lamb liver, but a more hypoallergenic option, lamb liver helps detoxify the body, secrete bile, helps digestion, and makes proteins.
the loin is located near the shoulder and the back legs of the pig, it is very tender and lean so it makes a great protein to feed as muscle meat or as snacks!
Powdered Cellulose is the structural component of the primary cell wall of plants. You'll often find high levels of cellulose in pet food formulas marketed for specific issues such as weight control, diabetes and hairballs
Prescription pet food is food formulated and prescribed by veterinarians with intent to help pets with food sensitivities. Unfortunately, the ingredients are not much different from traditional dried kibble and is loaded with synthetic vitamins and minerals that are hard to process/digest and the main ingredients are by-products.
PMR (Prey Model Raw) mimics the diet of a wolf without actually requiring the dog to hunt and kill wild prey. This diet eliminates all processed foods and grains. Generally, a complete PMR diet for dogs consists of 80% muscle meat, 10% raw edible bone, 10% organ (5% liver, 5% other secreting organ).
"friendly" bacteria that live in your dog's gut and keep your dog healthy and help fight against bad bacteria
a training tool made up of links that have prongs at the end, similar to a choke chain. The prong ends are should be shaved down.
Raw feeding is the practice of feeding domestic dogs and cats a diet consisting primarily of uncooked meat, edible bones, and organs. The ingredients that are used to formulate raw diets can vary, but most raw feeders generally follow prey model raw (PMR) or BARF feeding.
raw meaty bones are generally edible bones covered in muscle meat and connective tissues. these are commonly fed in the average raw meal for bone content, but raw meaty bones can also be fed recreationally
Rawhide is the inner layer of cow or horse hides (skin). During manufacturing, the hides are cleaned and cut or ground. Then they're pressed into chewable dog treats of different shapes and sizes. To make them more appealing for dogs, some rawhide treats contain beef, chicken, or liver flavorings
Reactivity is commonly confused with aggression, but is actually one of the underlying signs of aggression. Dogs that are reactive are driven by fear, and ofen overreact to certain situations.
recreational bones are weight bearing bones that are meant more for activity and dental cleaning than part of a meal.
A leash that extends from a spring-loaded device, housed inside a plastic handle. The leash is usually made of cord and very thin.
The skin protects the cattle from outside elements. It is made of tissue that regulates temperature, aids in water retention, and protects from the sun.
Salmon is one of the most popular types of seafood. Salmon hatch and lay their eggs in fresh water, and then return to the ocean. They are a larger fish.
Sardines are a nutrient-rich, small, oily fish. They are a great source of omega-3 fatty acids and are commonly served in cans!
signs of stress and nervousness such as destruction, vocalizing, and restlessness when the dog is alone or separated from its dependency
Slippery Elm Bark Powder is powder made from a type of elm that is native to North America. It produces a gelatinous substance called mucilage, which is used for medicinal purposes.
small fish that migrate to fresh water to breed and lay eggs. They are eaten by many larger fish, so they have a shorter lifespan and are less risk for mercury. Some species of smelts are the few fish that fishermen are allowed to hand fish
a snuffle mat is considered an interactive feeder toy that encourages a dog to forage for food
Soluble fiber attracts water, turning itself into a gel during digestion which slows digestion. Examples of soluble fiber include oats, chia seeds, beans, pears, psyllium, inulin and more!
Soy is a protein derived from soybeans, commonly used as a replacement for animal protein in foods. Soy is not easily digestible for humans letalone dogs, so foods or treats with soy in them you should skip.
Species appropriate is the optimal diet that was intended for dogs. If you look at the digestive tract and teeth of dogs, they were made to eat a high meat diet
pizzles are the part of the bull that makes it a bull. It is crucial for reproduction and the preservation of a species.
a carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units. starch, or carbohydrate, is an important part of the extrusion process when making kibble. most dry dog foods contain at least 30% starch. the average starch content is 40% and some dry foods can contain up to 60% starch
training tools are any sort of tool used in modifying or correcting behavior and communicating with your dog
The breast is located on the chest and is often used as an alternative to chicken. Turkey breast is commonly consumed by humans, but raw turkey is super nutritious and lean for pups to enjoy too.
part of the stomach that poultry have and use to grind down their food, also known as the ventrilicus.
The neck supports the head and helps it move, so the animal may look around. Turkey necks, unlike duck necks and chicken necks, are covered in wrinkly looking skin and not as feathery. They are very meaty so they make a great chew for dogs since the meat acts as floss
turmeric and its most active compound curcumin have many health benefits, such as the potential to prevent heart disease, Alzheimer's and cancer. it's a potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant and may also help improve arthritis.
traditional chinese medicine (TCM) teaches that a person's (or animal's) natural energy requires balance that can be achieved through a variety of factors such as food. each animal protein or plant-based ingredient has an energy that can interact with your pet's natural energy. warming (Qi tonic) foods warm the body and allow the body to develop and maintain warmth.
Yelloweye Rockfish feed on other smaller fish and can live to be older than one hundred years old. They are slow maturing, and generally reach maturity at 10-20 years, so they can be easily overfished.
Don't make your dog's food before understanding what goes on it. We built this dog food glossary so you always know what you are feeding, why you are feeding. Let us help you #feedreal 👋